Prevent Algae Growth On Asphalt Shingle Roofs

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Method of inhibiting algae growth on asphalt shingles
Patent number: 5356664
Filing date: Jun 11, 1993
Issue date: Oct 18, 1994

A method of inhibiting algae growth on an asphalt shingle surface exposed to varying humidity using a blend of copper-containing algae-resistant granules and non-algae-resistant granules. The copper-containing algae-resistant granules comprise a substrate granule having at least one inner ceramic…

Inventors: Sankar B. Narayan, William T. Fay, Billy L. George, Christine A. Sobon, Mark H. Kayser
Assignee: Minnesota Mining and Manufacturing Company

What is claimed is:
1. A method of inhibiting algae growth on an asphalt shingle surface exposed to varying humidity using a blend of copper-containing algae-resistant granules and non-algae-resistant granules, the copper-containing algae-resistant granules comprising a substrate granule having at least one inner ceramic coating layer comprising cuprous oxide and a seal coating having a thickness covering the inner layer and which is at time t.sub.o devoid of copper, the method comprising the steps of:

(a) selecting a period of time t.sub.f during which effective algae inhibition on the surface is to be achieved;
(b) selecting an initial loading of cuprous oxide in the inner ceramic layer of the copper-containing algae-resistant granules;
(c) calculating a weight ratio of copper-containing algae-resistant granules to non-algae-resistant granules to achieve a leach rate of copper ions through the seal coating of the copper-containing algae-resistant granules at time t.sub.f necessary to achieve effective algae inhibition on the surface at time t.sub.f ; and
(d) providing the copper-containing algae-resistant granules and the non-algae-resistant granules in the weight ratio calculated in step (c) on an asphalt shingle surface.
2. Method in accordance with claim 1 wherein said seal coating comprises zinc oxide and a borate compound.

3. Method in accordance with claim 2 wherein said zinc oxide is present at a weight ranging from about 1 to about 5 grams zinc oxide per kilogram substrate granules, said zinc oxide having an average particle size less than about 0.13 micrometer, and the weight ratio of said zinc oxide having an average particle size less than about 0. 13 micrometer to said borate compound ranges from about 0.5:1 to about 2:1.

4. Method in accordance with claim 1 wherein said inner ceramic coating comprises first and second ceramic layers.

5. Method in accordance with claim 4 wherein said first ceramic layer comprises the reaction product of an alkali metal silicate and an aluminosilicate, and further comprises a copper compound, said copper compound present in an amount ranging from about 20 grams to about 40 grams per kilogram of substrate granules, and wherein the second ceramic layer has substantially the same composition as the first ceramic layer.

6. Method in accordance with claim 5 wherein said alkali metal silicate comprises Na.sub.2 O:SiO.sub.2 having a weight ratio of SiO.sub.2 to Na.sub.2 O ranging from about 1.4:1 to about 3.75:1.

7. Method in accordance with claim 1 wherein said algae-resistant granules include a pigment in said seal coating, said pigment selected from a group consisting of carbon black, titanium dioxide, chromium oxide, yellow iron oxide, phthalocyanine green, red iron oxide, metal ferrites, and mixtures of thereof.

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